Duality in response of intracranial vessels to nitroglycerin revealed in rats by imaging photoplethysmography


Scientific Reports, Q2

Статьи в журналах

A. Y. Sokolov, M. A. Volynsky, A. V. Potapenko, P. M. Iurkova, V. V. Zaytsev, E. Nippolainen, and A. A. Kamshilin, "Duality in response of intracranial vessels to nitroglycerin revealed in rats by imaging photoplethysmography," Sci. Rep. 13(1), 11928 (2023).

Among numerous approaches to the study of migraine, the nitroglycerin (NTG) model occupies a prominent place, but there is relatively insufficient information about how NTG affects intracranial vessels. In this study we aim to assess the effects of NTG on blood-flow parameters in meningeal vessels measured by imaging photoplethysmography (iPPG) in animal experiments. An amplitude of the pulsatile component (APC) of iPPG waveform was assessed before and within 2.5 h after the NTG administration in saline (n = 13) or sumatriptan (n = 12) pretreatment anesthetized rats in conditions of a closed cranial window. In animals of both groups, NTG caused a steady decrease in blood pressure. In 7 rats of the saline group, NTG resulted in progressive increase in APC, whereas decrease in APC was observed in other 6 rats. In all animals in the sumatriptan group, NTG administration was accompanied exclusively by an increase in APC. Diametrically opposite changes in APC due to NTG indicate a dual effect of this drug on meningeal vasomotor activity. Sumatriptan acts as a synergist of the NTG vasodilating action. The results we obtained contribute to understanding the interaction of vasoactive drugs in the study of the headache pathophysiology and methods of its therapy.